If you’re like most people, you’ve probably suffered from acne at some point in your life. Acne is affecting more than 650 million people worldwide. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, 85% of people will experience acne at some point in their lives.
While it’s not a serious health problem, acne can cause physical and emotional distress. If you’re looking for information on how to treat your acne, you’ve come to the right place.
In this patient's guide to acne, we'll discuss :
We’ll also provide advice on how to take care of your skin and maintain your results long-term. So whether you’re a teenager struggling with your first breakout or an adult who’s never been able to get rid of their zits, read on for all the information you need.
What is acne?
Acne is a condition of the skin that occurs when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. The plugged follicle can become inflamed or infected. Acne affects people of all ages, but it is most common in teenagers and young adults.
What are the causes of acne?
There are many factors that can contribute to the development of acne, including:
- Hormonal changes: Acne is often worse during puberty because of the increase in hormones (testosterone) in both boys and girls. Hormonal changes can also be responsible for adult acne.
- Birth control pills and other hormone-based treatments can also trigger breakouts.
- Stress: Stress can cause the body to produce more hormones, which can lead to acne.
- Certain medications: Certain drugs, such as corticosteroids, lithium, and barbiturates, can cause acne.
- Diet: There is no evidence that diet plays a role in the development of acne, but some people believe that certain foods (such as chocolate or greasy foods) can trigger breakouts.
The different types of acne
Acne comes in many different forms. The most common types are blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts.
- Blackheads: Blackheads are small bumps that appear on the skin when the hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. They are called blackheads because the surface of the bumps is often black.
- Whiteheads: Whiteheads are similar to blackheads, but they are covered with a layer of skin. They are called whiteheads because the surface of the bumps is often white.
- Papules: Papules are small, red bumps that can be tender to the touch. They are often an early sign of acne and can be mistaken for insect bites.
- Pustules: Pustules are small, pus-filled bumps that can be red or yellow in color. They are usually a sign of a more severe form of acne and can be quite painful.
- Nodules: Nodules are large, hard bumps that can be very painful . They are often deep within the skin and can take weeks or even months to heal.
- Cysts: Cysts are large, pus-filled bumps that can be red or yellow in color. They are similar to nodules but are often even larger and more painful. Cysts can lead to permanent scarring if they are not treated properly.
Treatments for acne
Acne is treatable, but it can be a chronic condition that requires ongoing treatment. The most common treatments for acne include topical creams, oral medications, light therapy, and surgery.
- Topical creams: Topical creams are applied to the skin and can be used to treat mild to moderate acne. The most common topical creams are benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids.
- Oral medications: Oral medications are taken by mouth and can be used to treat mild to moderate acne. The most common oral medications are antibiotics, birth control pills, and isotretinoin.
- Light therapy: Light therapy is a treatment that uses ultraviolet (UV) light to kill bacteria and reduce inflammation. It can be used to treat mild to moderate acne.
- Surgery: Surgery is rarely needed to treat acne, but it can be an option for severe cases that do not respond to other treatments. Surgery options include laser surgery, dermabrasion, and excision.
Do’s & don’ts in acne
There are several things that you can do to help prevent acne:
- Wash your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser.
- Avoid picking or squeezing your pimples
- Use non-comedogenic (non-pore clogging) makeup and sunscreen.
- Avoid touching your face
- Manage stress with relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation
- Eat a healthy diet and drink plenty of water
Acne is a common skin condition that can be frustrating and embarrassment. However, there are many treatments available that can help clear up your skin. If you are concerned about your acne, talk to your doctor or dermatologist about the best treatment options for you.
When to see a dermatologist?
If you have acne that is not responding to over-the-counter treatment, or if you have severe acne, you should see a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in treating skin conditions. They can prescribe stronger medications and discuss other treatment options with you.
Why to choose Dermaspace skin care?
Dermaspace is dedicated to providing the best possible experience for our patients. Our board certified dermatologists are experts in the field of acne treatment. We offer a variety of services that can help you achieve clear skin. Our team of experts will work with you to create a customized treatment plan that is right for you.
We offer a wide range of products that are specifically designed to treat acne. We also have a state-of-the-art laser center that can provide you with the latest in acne treatment technology. If you are looking for a dermatologist in Koregaon park, Pune, please call us today to schedule an appointment